Should Abortion Be Banned?
The issue of abortion has led to divergent opinions in the US with the pro-life activists advocating its illegalization and their pro-choice counterparts arguing in its favor. Pro-choice crusaders assert that a pregnant woman ought to be accorded the right to either sire the child or carry out an abortion before birth. One rationale behind their argument is that such a lady might have been a rape victim who is not prepared to get a baby (Sedgh et al. 224). In contrast, pro-life activists affirm that options should be established instead of abortion, for example, presenting the child for adoption. The reason they give for their position is that if all women were to undertake abortion and not get any child, the continuity of human life would be threatened. Abortion is a contentious and divisive topic in the community, civilization, and politics of the United States, and numerous anti-abortion rules have been in effect in all states from around 1900.
Arguments for Banning of Abortion
Pro-life activists assert that other options might be preferable in place of abortion. They state that only fewer than 20% of all cases of abortion are associated with rape or even minors (Thomas et al. 358). Therefore, they maintain that among the most effective solutions to the avoidance of abortion is engaging in protected sex when is not prepared to rear a baby. A different practice would be to get the baby and present it to be cared for by other willing individuals rather than termination of its life. One might contact organizations dedicated to nurturing babies who lack proper parents or allow adoption as some amicable solutions against abortion. Some women strongly desire to have a child, which does not happen attributable to infertility. The existence of options for abortion shows that the practice is needless and condemnable regardless of the reason provided.
Pro-life crusaders state that abortion should be banned because in nearly all occurrences it makes the patient develop health complications. For example, many females have experienced hemorrhage, infections, and sometimes death during or even after abortion. Breast cancer is one of the most widespread risks of undertaking abortion attributable to the altered or disrupted structure of the mammary glands (Thomas et al. 359). Carcinogenic practices are apparent in transitional cells of females who have had an abortion. Each time a woman carries out an abortion, she increases the possibility of developing breast cancer. Furthermore, more than a quarter of the females who get abortion-associated cancer lose their lives. Irrespective of the short-lived relief following an abortion, nearly all the women and girls who carry it out report related psychological problems. Some of the signs of abortion-associated psychological problems include flashbacks, guilt, substance use/abuse, anger, suicidal thoughts, hallucination, and sexual dysfunction. Ensuing problems after abortion establishes that it is an unsafe and risky practice that ought to be banned.
Abortion should be illegalized because it is tantamount to murder as it entails the termination of the life of an already living creature. After four weeks of pregnancy, the developing embryo already has a pumping heart, and the appearance of mouth, ears, nose, limbs, and brain follows closely. During that time, there is the possibility of recording brainwaves and perception of heartbeat (White et al. 190). Additionally, there is the emergence of bones, and the unborn child begins to reflectively respond to stimuli. Since these processes are already in existence before the period of any likely abortion, it is evident that undertaking the practices should be illegal because it subjects the unborn baby to agonizing pain and suffering.
Counterarguments and Refutation
The pro-choice drive is established on the belief that no female should be compelled by the regulations in a country to have a baby contrary to her will whenever valid and substantial reasons are given. The argument provided is that siring a child should be a private familial affair, which should not be troubled. The pro-choice conviction is based on the notion that the life of a person begins after birth (Aiken et al. 396). Nevertheless, the American Life League marks a pro-life group that maintains that the right to life should be given to a human being from the fertilization phase hence the need to illegalize abortion.
Consistent with the affirmations of the pro-choice crusaders, bestowing on the embryo or fetus the sense of life infringes the rights of pregnant women for interfering with their independence. Additionally, banning abortion is a way of hindering girls from obtaining the help of health providers when they require tackling some medical concerns. Calling for the illegalization of abortion is being insensitive. For example, illegalization disregards how the education and later life of a teenager who becomes pregnant out of rape are irreparably damaged. This would lead to some female students becoming truants or school dropouts (Jones and Jerman 4). Another aspect that is ignored in the illegalization of abortion is the trauma that a family would suffer while nurturing an unwanted baby. Nonetheless, since there is only a small proportion of teenagers who become pregnant after incidences of rape, the illegalization of abortion would have an insignificant impact on adolescent girls.
The pro-choice movement is convinced that pro-life activists do not consider the fact that the law (such as the illegalization of abortion) will not prevent girls from becoming pregnant and clandestinely going for an abortion. Additionally, although most narcotic drugs are illegal, people are still using them secretly (Sedgh et al. 227). In the same way, enacting laws that illegalize abortion will result in many pregnant girls having abortions in unsafe settings that may leave them at the risk of death over and above the termination of the life of the embryo or fetus. The point is that if a pregnant woman or lady carries an unwanted pregnancy and has the determination of aborting it, they will still do it regardless of whether it is legal or banned. It is irrational for some people to put much significance on the need for an unborn child to live while overlooking the degree to which such a practice jeopardizes the mother’s life and welfare. However, it is imperative for laws to be enacted to control vices devoid of providing reasons for the irrelevance of such regulations.
Abortion leads to the intentional termination of a pregnancy prior to birth. It has elicited mixed feelings with one group establishing that pregnant girl should have the independence of either aborting or bearing the child. However, a different group asserts that options such as adoption should be practiced rather than abortion that denies the unborn child the right to life. Abortion is an argumentative and divisive subject in American civilization, community, and politics, and many anti-abortion guidelines have been in operation in all states since about 1900. Since the illegalization of abortion outshines the advocacy for its legalization, the practice should be banned.
Aiken, Abigail, et al. “Requests for Abortion in Latin America in the Wake of Zika Virus.” The New England Journal of Medicine, vol. 375, no. 4, 2016, pp. 396-400.
Jones, Rachel, and Jenna Jerman. “Abortion Incidence and Service Availability in the United States, 2011.” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 46, no. 1, 2014, pp. 3-14.
Sedgh, Gilda, et al. “Adolescent Pregnancy, Birth, and Abortion Rates across Countries: Levels and Recent Trends.” Journal of Adolescent Health, vol. 56, no. 2, 2015, pp. 223-230.
Thomas, Rachel, et al. “Anti-Legal Attitude toward Abortion among Abortion Patients in the United States.” Contraception, vol. 96, no. 5, 2017, pp. 357-364.
White, Kari, et al. “Women’s Knowledge of and Support for Abortion Restrictions in Texas: Findings from a Statewide Representative Survey.” Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, vol. 48, no. 4, 2016, pp. 189-197.