Investigating the Relation Between Law and Morality


Law and morality are two regulatory frameworks that control and manage practices in a human network to permit amicable and successful intersubjectivity between people. The two notions have a corresponding relationship in the ideas of individual self-rule and equivalent regard for everybody. There is an association between law and ethical quality as the one between a section and a unity. The investigation of law depends on discovering answers to less reasonable inquiries which are more philosophical.

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The initial stage of forming the law is to consistently check its correspondence to ethical quality since these two terms are in a tight association. The current investigation demonstrates an issue that has been discussed since ancient times (Nemtoi and Nesteriuc 114). Historically, it has been demonstrated that the advancement of both the state and the general public has situated the connection between the law and moral values. Morality directs and protects individuals’ conduct in the public arena, as does the law. As indicated by Nemtoi and Nesteriuc (2017), the Romans characterized the law as “the craft of good and value,” which were considered the prerequisites of ethical quality. Law serves as an instrument of effective control of the individuals that depend on the foundation of equity. Morality represents a middle of the road stage for the possibility of the law. Consequently, both law and morality should be subordinate to ethics.

One of the most popular theories regarding the law is that it depends on human instinct or reason; thus, it essentially reflects what is characteristic or sensible. Law empowers society to work equitably and compellingly. The common description of law is a declaration of both the benefit of all and the essential estimations of society. Thus, it ensures equal rights for everybody and an individual’s inclinations. In this way, officials consider the group’s will and elaborate legal regulations.

There should be a system characterized by specific rules, interests, and meetings to benefit and protect each member of society. The law is not above or outside society, rather being the impression of a particular community at a given period in its development. The aftereffect of the overall influence between social gatherings and one of various instruments or means are used to force thoughts and safeguard interests. The law can similarly be an instrument of segregation or constraint and occasionally an instrument of insurance. Everything relies upon the force or coalitions a gathering has when enactment is readied, passed by Parliament, and actualized (Nemtoi and Nesteriuc 114). What is more, there is a contrast between what is expressed or guaranteed about law and enactment and what occurs.

The history of society is important in studying the origins of law. The significant changes society has gone through since the middle of the 20th century accelerated due to the consequences of World War II (WWII). The law has been and still is a significant method by which people endeavor to adapt to these changes. Thus, the number of enactments and government guidelines have multiplied. Currently, Canadians are obligated for nearly 350 Criminal Code offenses, around 20 thousand government and common offenses, and every one of those is made by city guidelines (Parent and Parent 7). In Québec, for instance, nearly the same number of new offenses or punishments were made between 1965 and 1975 (Parent and Parent 7). Hence, the law has the impact of implementing authority, rehashing, and giving solid articulation to social and financial imbalances.

One of the most feasible inequalities in the judiciary system of Canada was related to the role of women. For instance, for a long time, the law explicitly denied females common, political, and financial rights. It was distinctly close to the end of the nineteenth century that a woman could think of paying for her property and not by her spouse. Likewise, until the mid-twentieth century, most common assemblies did not perceive that ladies reserved the option to similar compensation as men. For decades, females were banished from specific callings, meetings, and activities. As an example, in Québec, women were not permitted to specialize in the legislative field until 1942 (Parent and Parent 11). Women could not cast a ballot in government decisions until 1918. Only after WWII, most territories permitted them to serve on juries (Parent and Parent 12). Today, Canada is a democratic country that gives the right to vote to every citizen regardless of the person’s gender, age, ethnicity, and social status. It is now more ethical than it was decades ago. This shows how law can be changed depending on the transformation of societal norms.

One of the most significant theoretical approaches to characterize law is using culture and custom. This approach sometimes compromises the morality and righteousness of the law. Ethics, morals, and lawfulness of murdering someone for personal survival in an emergency have been a well-reflected issue in psychological tests by the Plank of Carneades to The Case of the Speluncean Explorers. The inquiry had emerged in several legitimate cases across the British purviews. The Queen v Dudley and Stephens is a main English criminal instance of the nineteenth century. It set a point of reference all through the custom-based law, which suggested that need is not a safeguard to a charge of homicide. Dudley, Stephens, and the other two men were shipwrecked in the middle of the sea. At the point when the youngest of them, Richard Parker, lost consciousness, Dudley and Stephens chose to execute him for food (Minchin 793). The righteousness of such a decision was judged according to the customs of the ocean. Therefore, there are exceptional cases in history that indicate immoral behavior but are approved by the law.

It should not be assumed that in declining to concede compulsion to be a reason for wrongdoing, the court failed to remember how horrendous the allurement was. It considered the dreadful affliction and the difficulty to keep the judgment straight and the stay unadulterated in such preliminaries. Individuals are regularly constrained by the guidelines they cannot follow and the standards which they could not fulfill. However, it is unethical and inappropriate to announce the impulse to be a reason. Making need as an excuse would steadily weaken the framework. Permitting the defense may mislead people that they can use necessity as a safeguard. As a result, it is critical to not permit the empathy for the criminal to change or debilitating in any way the lawful meaning of the wrongdoing.


In conclusion, the law is constructed by the societal norms, separating the sane and the ethical viewpoints to return and force the correct angles on them. There is an obvious inconsistency between law and morality, with these two concepts being to some extent corresponding. The incorporation of the ethical standards in the common standards accentuates the beginning character of the ethical traditions inside the guidelines of the law. Legal norms may reform and adjust to the changes occurring in society and its culture.


Minchin, G. E. “Regina v Dudley & Stephens Anatomy of a Show Trial.” Beijing Law Review, vol. 11, no. 03, 2020, pp. 782-804.

Nemtoi, Gabriela, and Oana Nesteriuc. “Theoretical and Practical Convergencies Between Law and Morality,” European Journal of Law and Public Administration, vol. 4, no. 2, 2017, pp. 110-118, Editura LUMEN. Web.

Parent, Richard, and Catherine Parent. Ethics and Canadian Law Enforcement. Canadian Scholars Press, 2018.